The difficulty in studying landscapes is that the term landscape means different things to everyone. Consequently, many definitions exists for the word landscape while many scientific disciplines are dealing with the issue. That itself, constitute a proof that landscape research should be characterized by an interdisciplinary approach. Landscape is defined as a zone or area, as perceived by local people or visitors, whose visual features and character are the result of the action of natural and/or cultural (that is, human) factors. This definition reflects the idea that landscapes evolve through time, as a result of being acted upon by natural forces and human beings. It also underlined that a landscape forms a single entity, in which natural and cultural components are taken together, not separately. The ELC was adopted under the auspices of the Council of Europe, with the aim of promoting the protection, management and planning of European landscape and organizing European co-operation in this field--the first international treaty covering all aspects of landscape. It covers natural, rural, urban and peri-urban areas and applies to landscapes considered outstanding, common or degraded. By taking into account landscape, culture and nature, the Council of Europe seeks to protect the quality of life and well-being of Europeans in a sustainable development perspective. For Course Aims & Objectives please see Uploaded Syllabus
As stipulated by the MSc rules
By the end of this session you should be able to: • define landscape • describe the historical evolution of landscape ecology • refer to the theories and models on which landscape ecology is based • explain the importance of spatial pattern on ecological processes • describe the processes which lead to habitat fragmentation • Understand the concept of landscape and its components. • Understand the relationships between human - place in the formation and functioning of landscapes. • Identify the basic policies concerning and affecting the landscape.
please see Uploaded Syllabus
A series of lectures and practical hands on exercise using software but also paper maps. In addition a series of activities and self evaluation exercises are suggested.
The course will be evaluated through final exams. Details will be given in class.